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To understand why the situation in South Africa is like it is today, we must look at the historical events in the country. No matter what happend 100 or even 50 years ago, should be an excuse or explenation for what is going on today, the farm attacks.  

  1. Who Started Racial Segregation in SouthAfrica?

Racial segregation and white supremacy had become central aspects of South African policy long before apartheid began. The controversial 1913 Land Act, passed three years after South Africa gained its independence, marked the beginning of territorial segregation by forcing black Africans to live in reserves and making it illegal for them to work as sharecroppers. Opponents of the Land Act formed the South African National Native Congress, which would become the African National Congress (ANC).

The Great Depression and WorldWarII brought increasing economic woes to South Africa, convinced the government to strengthen its policies of racial segregation. In 1948, the Afrikaner National Party won the general election under the slogan “apartheid” (literally “apartness”). Their goal was not only to separate South Africa’s white minority from its non-white majority, but also to separate non-whites from each other and to divide black South Africans along tribal lines in order to decrease their political power.

This documentary will give you good information about the terrible farm attacks that happens nearly on daily basis in South Africa

Did you know? ANC leader Nelson Mandela, released from prison in February 1990, worked closely with President F.W. de Klerk’s government to draw up a new constitution for South Africa. After both sides made concessions, they reached agreement in 1993, and would share the Nobel Peace Prize that year for their efforts.

  1. Racial Segregation Becomes Law

By 1950, the government had banned marriages between whites and people of other races, prohibited sexual relations between black and white South Africans. The Population Registration Act of 1950 provided the basic framework for apartheid by classifying all South Africans by race, including Bantu (black Africans), Coloured (mixed race) and white. A fourth category, Asian (meaning Indian and Pakistani) was later added. In some cases, the legislation split families; parents could be classified as white, while their children were classified as coloured.

A series of Land Acts set aside more than 80 percent of the country’s land for the white minority and “pass laws” required non-whites to carry documents authorizing their presence in restricted areas. In order to limit contact between the races, the government established separate public facilities for whites and non-whites, limited the activity of non-white labour unions and denied non-white participation in national government.

Hendrik Verwoerd, who became prime minister in 1958, would refine apartheid policy further into a system he referred to as “separate development”. The Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act of 1959 created 10 Bantu homelands known as Bantustans. Separating black South Africans from each other enabled the government to claim there was no black majority and reduced the possibility that blacks would unify into one nationalist organization. Every black South African was designated as a citizen as one of the Bantustans, a system that supposedly gave them full political rights, but effectively removed them from the nation’s political body.

civil unrest in South Africa

Opposition to Racial Segregation

Resistance to apartheid within South Africa took many forms over the years. From non-violent demonstrations, protests and strikes to political action and eventually to armed resistance. Together with the South Indian National Congress, the ANC organized a mass meeting in 1952, during which attendees burned their pass books. A group calling itself the Congress of the People adopted a Freedom Charter in 1955 asserting that “South Africa belongs to all who live in it, black or white.” The government broke up the meeting and arrested 150 people, charging them with high treason.

In 1960, at the black township of Sharpeville, the police opened fire on a group of unarmed blacks associated with the Pan-African Congress (PAC), an offshoot of the ANC. The group had arrived at the police station without passes, inviting arrest as an act of resistance. At least 67 blacks were killed and more than 180 wounded. Sharpeville convinced many anti-apartheid leaders that they could not achieve their objectives by peaceful means, and both the PAC and ANC established military wings, neither of which ever posed a serious military threat to the state. By 1961, most resistance leaders had been captured and sentenced to long prison terms or executed. Nelson Mandela, a founder of Umkhonto we Sizwe (“Spear of the Nation”), the military wing of the ANC, was incarcerated from 1963 to 1990; his imprisonment would draw international attention and help garner support for the anti-apartheid cause. On June 10, 1980, his followers smuggled a letter from Mandela in prison and made it public: “UNITE! MOBILISE! FIGHT ON! BETWEEN THE ANVIL OF UNITED MASS ACTION AND THE HAMMER OF THE ARMED STRUGGLE WE SHALL CRUSH APARTHEID!”.

 

  1. Racial Segregation Comes to an End

In 1976, when thousands of black children in Soweto, a black township outside Johannesburg, demonstrated against the Afrikaans language requirement for black African students, the police opened fire with tear gas and bullets. The protests and government crackdowns that followed, combined with a national economic recession, drew more international attention to South Africa and shattered all illusions that apartheid had brought peace or prosperity to the nation. The United Nations General Assembly had denounced apartheid in 1973, and in 1976 the UN Security Council voted to impose a mandatory embargo on the sale of arms to South Africa. In 1985, the United Kingdom and United States imposed economic sanctions on the country.

Under pressure from the international community, the National Party government of Pieter Botha sought to institute some reforms, including abolition of the pass laws and the ban on interracial sex and marriage. The reforms fell short of any substantive change, however, by 1989 Botha was pressured to step aside in favour of F.W. de Klerk. De Klerk’s government subsequently repealed the Population Registration Act, as well as most of the other legislation that formed the legal basis for apartheid. De Klerk freed Nelson Mandela on February 11, 1990. A new constitution, which enfranchised blacks and other racial groups, took effect in 1994, and elections that year led to a coalition government with a non white majority, marking the official end of the apartheid system.

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Facts about racial segregation

Do we know how many black people were killed under racial segregation? We do, and the source is none other than the Human Rights Commission submitted as evidence to the TRC in 1997.

The statistics they proffered relate to the number of black killed between the years 1948 up to the election in 1994. The total number of blacks killed were 21 000. But wait, it gets more interesting. It’s not the full story. 

The HRC report also made a distinction between two periods. One from 1948 till 1989 and the next from 1990 to 1994d which is after the unbanning of the ANC. For all intents and purposes racial segregation had ended, was 14 000, involving mostly black on black violence between the ANC and the IFP and various other factions!

Of the 14 000 killed during those 4 years over 92% of deaths were caused by blacks killing blacks. Only 5.6% were attributed to the Security Forces at the time and usually in retaliation to attacks initiated by the ANC/UDF that had been unbanned. 

What this means is that during the apartheid years of 41 years, 7 000 blacks died in the violence, mostly at hands of rioters & ANC revolutionaries, compared to double the amount of dead in just 4 years! So officially 170 black people were killed under apartheid annually. That’s 170 people per year. 

Under Nelson Mandela’s presidency an average of 25 000 people were murdered each year. Yet, to celebrate his birthdays, Nelson Mandela would regularly open prison doors and set many convicted criminals, including armed robbers, murderers and rapists free. Some of these were murdering and raping within 24 hours of being released. Well over 100 000 people were murdered under Mandela’s term as president.

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About SAFISA

Free Farm Attack Protection & Anti Poaching 

SAFISA – Save Animals & Farmers in South Africa is a NON-PROFIT organization registered in Norway. We work together with professional security operators and private security companies. Our common goal is to protect farmers, livestock and wildlife in South Africa. The money raised by SAFISA will be used to cover our partners costs and expenses, this will provide the extended protection to the farmers and wildlife that is not normally available to them  .

SAFISA’s goal is to gather a large group of ambassadors, volunteers, fundraisers, influencers and organizations.

Please visit SAFISA.no if you want to help or support our effort to protect farmers and the wildlife in Sout Africa

 

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